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Art Appreciation

Salt Cellar

Title: Sat Cellar

Artist: Benvenuto Cellini(1500-1571)

Work: Sculpture

Material:gold, enamel and ebony

Work Date: 1540 - 1543

Style: Mannerism

Size:h26 x w34cm. h10 1/4 x w13 1/8

 Collection: Was concealed at Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

 

Appreciation

 

This beautiful salt cellar is made of two figures - Neptune and Ceres, who represent Water and Earth. Their intertwined legs symbolize the combination of these elements, which together produce salt.

 

Cellini was a celebrated goldsmith, sculptor and engraver. He worked for emperors, kings, popes and princes; this particular object was made for king Francis 1 of France. The splendour and grace of Cellini

's work is a perfect example of the Mannerist school.

 

The aim of these artists was to appeal to the emotions through aesthetic effect. This led to the use of elongated figures and sharp colours, as can be seen in the work of late sixteenth - century artists.

 

A great deal is known about Cellini's tempestuous life from his autobiography, which is full of racy anecdotes such as an account of his imprisonment for stealing the papal crown jewels. Unfortunately, most of Cellini's smaller works - medals, cups and daggers - were melted down. Many of his larger masterpieces, however, have survived.

 

 

The Saliera is the only work of gold which can be attributed to Cellini with certainty and is sometimes referred to as the "Mona Lisa of Sculpture."

 

On May 11, 2003, the Saliera was stolen from the Kunsthistorisches Museum, which was covered by a scaffolding at that time due to reconstruction works.

 

The Saliera was recovered on January 21, 2006 buried in a lead box in a forest near the town of Zwettl, Austria, about 90 km north of Vienna.

 

The assumed thief, Robert Mang, had turned himself in after police released surveillance photos of the suspect which were subsequently recognized by acquaintances.

 

About the artist

 

Benvenuto Cellini (1500 –  1571) was an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, painter, soldier and musician, who also wrote a famous autobiography. He was one of the most important artists of Mannerism。

作品名稱: 鹽碟

藝術家:本韋努托 切利尼

作品:金飾雕塑

材料:金,法郎,烏木

創作日期: 1540 - 1543

風格:風格主義

尺寸:高26 x 寬34英寸

收藏:維也納藝術史博物館

 

欣賞

 

這個美麗的鹽碟是黃金,琺琅和烏木的製品,是

切利尼為弗蘭西斯一世國王專門雕刻的。這件精美的盒子既裝鹽和胡椒,又是一件華貴的裝飾品。

 

上面有兩個裸體神像 - 男性海神尼普頓和女性地神賽瑞斯,他們的腿交織在一起,寓意: 鹽是由海水和大地的元素組合而成。同時還有曖昧和色情意味。

 

他們身下是海水,飄着植物和各種魚類,不可思議的還有馬和象在海水里奔跑。神像旁有裝鹽的小碟。

 

凱旋門是一個胡椒盒,頂上臥着的裸女是盒蓋的把手。鹽碟底座上雕刻了一圈浮雕。

 

細膩,巧妙,複雜,精緻,奢華得無與倫比,堪稱奢侈品中的奢侈品!

 

切利尼經常被邀為國王,教皇和王子們創作。這件輝煌,優雅的鹽碟,是法國國王弗朗西斯特定的。當他把鹽碟放到法國國王的面前時,國王凝神屏息了半天,然後驚訝的喊道:“這比我想像的要好上一百倍!這個人是多麼不可思議啊!

 

這件作品是風格主義最好的例子,風格主義也稱矯飾主義或樣式主義,其特點是反對理性的指導,強調藝術家內心感受和個人表現。戲劇性,精細華麗,色彩鮮明。

 

切利尼多才多藝,是著名的金匠,雕塑家,美術家,音樂家和作家。從他的自傳中,切利尼暴風雨般的一生,充滿了奇聞軼事。他性格複雜,經歷波折,他不僅是技藝高超的匠人,藝術家,他還曾是盜賊,殺手,逃犯等等。


戲劇性的是曾是盜賊的切利尼的“鹽碟”,在2003年被偷了。現代盜賊從工程的腳手架進入博物館,打爛陳列櫃玻璃,盜走了這件價值5500萬美元,實際為無價之寶的極其珍貴的藝術品。

 

不過,這件被譽為“雕塑的蒙娜麗莎”,竊賊根本難以在市場上出售。

 

博物館懸賞70,000歐元,在2006年1月,發現鹽碟裝在一個鉛盒裡,被埋在奧地利的一個森林裡,

 

懷疑是盜賊在警方公佈嫌疑人照片後,自行埋在那裡,然後自首。

 

 

 

 

 

關於藝術家

 

本韋努托·切利尼(1500 - 1571),意大利文藝復興時期的著名金匠,畫家,雕塑家,戰士和音樂家。他也是一名作家,他的自傳非常著名。

 


Words by Terrie Dai

文字:戴莉