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Art Appreciation



Title: Fountain

Work: sculpture

Artist:Duchamp Marcel (1887 – 1968)

Work Date: 1917 , replica 1964

Materials: Porcelain

Style: Dadaism

Size:h 33.5 cm / 14 in

Collection: Indiana University Art Museum.






This work is a replica of a porcelain urinal which was originally purchased by the artist in 1917 from a plumbing supply firm in New York.


Duchamp simply signed the object with the pseudonym R Mutt, then entered it for an art exhibition. The bizarre item exemplifies the notion of taking a commonplace object out of its customary setting and placing it in a new and unfamiliar one.


It was through this work that Duchamp first defined the concept of the ‘ready – make’ or ‘found object’ – an idea which has influenced countless artist since.


In defending the original sculpture in 1917 Duchamp challenged traditional preconceptions of what art is. He stated that it was not important whether or not ‘Mr Mutt’ had made the work with his own hands, what mattered was that he had chosen it. Therefore the creation was not important but the idea and selection was.


Dadaism works were characterized by a deliberate irrationality and the rejection of the prevailing standards of art. It influenced later movements including Surrealism.



Duchamp's "Fountain," since the original was lost thereafter, the photograph became the basis for the later replicas. Altogether fifteen authorised replicas of Fountain were issued.


It was attacked with hammer, the suspect attacked a replica of Marcel Duchamp's famous sculpture Fountain on display at the Dada exhibition at the Pompidou Centre in Paris.


Duchamp's Fountain was voted the most influential artwork of the 20th century by 500 selected British art world professionals.



About the Artist


Marcel Duchamp ( 1887 – 1968), was a French artist whose work is most often associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements.





1917年馬歇爾·杜尚在水暖公司買來一個陶瓷的小便池,簡單的在上面上簽了筆名“R. Mutt”並以《噴泉》為題,作為雕塑送去畫廊展覽了。

















馬歇爾·杜尚( 1887 – 1968),法國藝術家。是達達主義和超現實主義的代表人物。




創作日期: 1917, 1964年重新複製。