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Art Appreciation

Fountain

 

Title: Fountain

Work: sculpture

Artist:Duchamp Marcel (1887 – 1968)

Work Date: 1917 , replica 1964

Materials: Porcelain

Style: Dadaism

Size:h 33.5 cm / 14 in

Collection: Indiana University Art Museum.

 

 

Appreciation

 

 

This work is a replica of a porcelain urinal which was originally purchased by the artist in 1917 from a plumbing supply firm in New York.

 

Duchamp simply signed the object with the pseudonym R Mutt, then entered it for an art exhibition. The bizarre item exemplifies the notion of taking a commonplace object out of its customary setting and placing it in a new and unfamiliar one.

 

It was through this work that Duchamp first defined the concept of the ‘ready – make’ or ‘found object’ – an idea which has influenced countless artist since.

 

In defending the original sculpture in 1917 Duchamp challenged traditional preconceptions of what art is. He stated that it was not important whether or not ‘Mr Mutt’ had made the work with his own hands, what mattered was that he had chosen it. Therefore the creation was not important but the idea and selection was.

 

Dadaism works were characterized by a deliberate irrationality and the rejection of the prevailing standards of art. It influenced later movements including Surrealism.

 

 

Duchamp's "Fountain," since the original was lost thereafter, the photograph became the basis for the later replicas. Altogether fifteen authorised replicas of Fountain were issued.

 

It was attacked with hammer, the suspect attacked a replica of Marcel Duchamp's famous sculpture Fountain on display at the Dada exhibition at the Pompidou Centre in Paris.

 

Duchamp's Fountain was voted the most influential artwork of the 20th century by 500 selected British art world professionals.

 

 

About the Artist

 

Marcel Duchamp ( 1887 – 1968), was a French artist whose work is most often associated with the Dadaist and Surrealist movements.

 

 

欣賞

 

1917年馬歇爾·杜尚在水暖公司買來一個陶瓷的小便池,簡單的在上面上簽了筆名“R. Mutt”並以《噴泉》為題,作為雕塑送去畫廊展覽了。

 

 

一個普通的東西,放在不是慣常擺放的場合,給它重新定義,以新的名稱和概念,讓它原來的用途意義消失。杜尚說:「Mutt先生是否親手製作了“噴泉”,這並不重要,重要的是我選擇了它,創造了新的概念,想法。

 

 

達達主義主要特徵是特意反傳統,反藝術,憤世嫉俗,追求無意識的即興。

 

 

杜尚的“噴泉”原作已於1917年遺失,目前被授權的15件作品是在1964年根據照片重製。2006年蓬皮杜中心展出複製的作品時遭人破壞。嫌犯持鐵鎚敲破小便池。

 

 

在英國藝術世界展覽會上,500名英國最具影響力的權威人士,包括藝術家、商人、批評家,博物館、圖書館館長等各路評價者以投票的方式評選20世紀最具影響的藝術品。結果,杜尚的藝術品小便池《噴泉》以64%選票當選為上個世紀最具影響力的藝術品。

 

 

關於藝術家

 

馬歇爾·杜尚( 1887 – 1968),法國藝術家。是達達主義和超現實主義的代表人物。

作品名稱:噴泉

作品:雕塑

藝術家:馬歇爾·杜尚

創作日期: 1917, 1964年重新複製。

材料:陶瓷

風格:達達主義

尺寸:高14英寸

收藏:印第安納大學美術館,美國